COUNCIL OF TRENT
ORDERED BY THE COUNCIL OF TRENT:
EDITED BY ST. CHARLES BORROMEO
PUBLISHED BY DECREE OF POPE ST. PIUS V
THE SACRAMENT OF THE EUCHARIST
Form To Be Used In The Consecration Of The Bread:
We are then taught by the holy Evangelists, Matthew and Luke, and also by the Apostle, that the form consists of these words: This is My body; for it is written: Whilst they were at supper, Jesus took bread, and blessed it, and brake, and gave to his disciples, and said: Take and eat, This is my Body. (1)
This form of consecration having been observed by Christ the Lord has been always used by the Catholic Church. The testimonies of the Fathers, the enumeration of which would be endless, and also the decree of the Council of Florence, which is well known and accessible to all, must here be omitted, especially as the knowledge which they convey may be obtained from these words of Our Saviour: Do this for a commemoration of Me.(2) For what the Lord enjoined was not only what He had done, but also what he had said; and especially is this true, since the words were uttered not only to signify, but also to accomplish.
Form To Be Used In The Consecration Of The Wine:
With regard to the consecration of the wine, which is the other element of this Sacrament, the priest, for the reason we have already assigned, ought of necessity to be well acquainted with, and well understand its form. We are then firmly to believe that is consists in the following words: This is the chalice of My blood, of the new and eternal testament, the mystery of faith, which shall be shed for you and for many, to the remission of sins. (3)
Thus the words, this is the chalice, are found in St. Luke and in the Apostle;(4)but the words that immediately follow, of my blood or my blood of the new testament, which shall be shed for you and for many to the remission of sins are found partly in St. Luke and partly in St. Matthew.(5). But the words, eternal and the mystery of faith, have been taught us by holy tradition the interpreter and keeper of Catholic truth.
Concerning this form no one can doubt, if he here also attend to what has been already said about the form used in the consecration of the bread. The form to be used (in the consecration) of this element, evidently consists of those words which signify that the substance of the wine is changed into the blood of Our Lord. Since, therefore, the words already cited clearly declare this, it is plain that no other words constitute the form.
They moreover express certain admirable fruits of the blood shed in the Passion of Our Lord, fruits which pertain in a most special manner to this Sacrament. Of these, one is access to the eternal inheritance, which has come to us by right of the new and everlasting testament. Another is access to righteousness by the mystery of faith; for God hath set forth Jesus to be a propitiator through faith in His blood, that He Himself may be just, and the justifier of him, who is of the faith of Jesus Christ. (6) A third effect is the remission of sins.
Explanation Of The Form Used In The Consecration Of The Wine:
...The additional words for you and for many, are taken, some from Matthew, some from Luke, (7) but were joined together by the Catholic Church under guidance of the Spirit of God. They serve to declare the fruit and advantage of His Passion. For if we look to its value, we must confess that the Redeemer shed His blood for the salvation of all; but if we look to the fruit which mankind received from it, we shall easily find that it pertains NOT UNTO ALL, BUT TO MANY of the human race. When therefore (Our Lord) said: For you, He meant either those who were present, or those chosen from among the Jewish people, such as were, with the exception of Judas, the disciples with whom He was speaking. When He added, And for many, He wished to be understood to mean the remainder of the elect from among the Jews and Gentiles.
With reason, therefore, were the words For All NOT USED, as in this place the fruits of the Passion are alone spoken of, AND TO THE ELECT ONLY DID HIS PASSION BRING THE FRUIT OF SALVATION. And this is the purport of the Apostle(8) when he says: Christ was offered once to exhaust the sins of many; and also of the words of Our Lord in John: I pray for them; I pray not for the world, but for them whom thou has given me, because they are thine.(9)